What is Fluoride
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What is Fluoride? Fluoride History & Benefits Fluoride Safety Fluoride References


What is Fluoride? The History & Benefits

The atom Fluorine is a diatomic gas molecule which means that two fluorine molecules are bonded together. However, the fluoride that is more commonly used is a salt. A salt is a single negatively charged nonmetal, fluorine atom connected to a positively charged metal. This fluoride salt is what is used in dentistry.

History and Properties of Fluoride

Fluorine was discovered in the 16th century.¹ The element has similar properties as Chlorine. As an element by itself it is a yellow gas. Can react with human skin causing chemical burns and poisoning tissue.¹ So we are lucky that pure fluorine is not used in dentistry because it is too reactive to remain by. However, salts of fluoride can be harmful if ingested too much.¹ Fluorine and fluorides were used, before dentistry, in World War II as a compound making atomic bombs.¹

Other Benefits:

  • 40% to 60% of tooth decay is reduced
  • Strengthens the enamel of teeth
  • Reportedly no side effects and great dental benefits.
  • Fluoride demineralizes acids in the mouth and remineralizes the enamel of the teeth.6

When is Fluoride Needed? Ω

  • People with history of cavities and tooth decay
  • Not going to dentist
  • Poor dental hygiene
  • High amount of sugar intake
  • Dry mouth

Topic References & Sources

¹ 1. Meiers, P; Fluoride History
- www.fluoride-history.de/index.htm
- 5/21/2012
- Sarrbruecken, Germany, 2012

What is Fluoride?
- www.citydentists.co.nz
- 5/21/2012
- City Dentists Ltd, 2012

Ω What is Fluoride? What does Fluoride Do?
- www.medicalnewstoday.com
- 5/12/2012
- Medical News Today, 2009

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